Every purchase supports the mission. Kings Mountain was a pivotal moment in the history of the American Revolution. Then take the paved trail that leads through the battlefield itself. After an hour of battle, Ferguson was fatally shot while trying to break the rebel line, after which his men surrendered. Some Patriots gave no quarter until the rebel officers re-established control over their men; they were said to be seeking revenge for alleged killings by Banastre Tarleton's militiamen at the Battle of Waxhaws, under the slogan "Remember Tarleton's Quarter." On October 4, the Patriot militia reached Ferguson's former camp at Gilbert Town,[24] where thirty Georgia militiamen joined them, anxious for action. His task was to march to the old Tryon County area, raise and organize Loyalist units from the Tory population of the Carolina Backcountry, and protect the left flank of Lord Cornwallis' main body at Charlotte, North Carolina. Ferguson rallied his troops and launched a desperate bayonet-charge against Campbell and Sevier. [14], Patriot leaders also sent word to a Virginia militia leader, William Campbell, asking him to join them at Sycamore Shoals. Kings Mountain City in North Carolina. [14] Campbell called on Benjamin Cleveland to bring his Wilkes County, North Carolina militia to the rendezvous. Campbell lost just 90. The battlefield ridge is a spur of the Kings Mountain range, a monadnock formation which rises above the surrounding plateau. The Battle of Musgrove Mill, August 19, 1780, occurred near a ford of the Enoree River, near the present-day border between Spartanburg, Laurens and Union Counties in South Carolina. Monuments and markers commemorate the crucial sites along the trail. Major Ferguson was appointed Inspector of Militia on May 22, 1780. Achieving a complete surprise, the Patriot militiamen attacked and surrounded the Loyalists, inflicting severe casualties. The surprising victory of the American patriot militia over the Loyalists came after a string of rebel defeats at the hands of Lord Cornwallis, and greatly raised the Patriots' morale. Ferguson shot and killed the man with his pistol in a final act of defiance, but was immediately shot dead by multiple Patriots on the spot. Although victorious, the Patriots had to retreat quickly from the area for fear of Cornwallis' advance. [22], Meanwhile, two deserters from the Patriot militia reached Patrick Ferguson and informed him of the large body of militia advancing towards him. The park commemorates the Battle of Kings Mountain, a pivotal and significant victory by American Patriots over American Loyalists during the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War.It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996. [52] Additionally, the destruction of Ferguson's command and the looming threat of Patriot militia in the mountains caused Lord Cornwallis to cancel his plans to invade North Carolina; he instead evacuated Charlotte and retreated to South Carolina. OCTOBER 7, 1780. Your contribution today helps us make a difference. By sunrise of the 7th, they forded the Broad River, fifteen miles from Kings Mountain. He was the only regular British soldier in the command,[32] composed entirely of Loyalist Carolina militia, except for the 100 or so red-uniformed Provincials (enlisted colonials)[33] Nine of the prisoners were hanged before Isaac Shelby brought an end to the proceedings. Kings Mountain is located at 35°14′39″N 81°20′33″W / 35.24417°N 81.3425°W / 35.24417; -81.3425 (35.244105, -81.342544). Ferguson rode back and forth across the hill, blowing a silver whistle he used to signal charges. [29] By early afternoon they arrived and immediately surrounded the ridge and attacked. 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