Thomas Hobbes believed that a ruler with absolute control was necessary, while John Locke held that … Locke, like Hobbes, argues that, in order to understand government, we ought to look first at the way governments are formed in the first place. It is agreed on both parts that the state of nature consists of natural laws and equally propose that a government should be created through a social contract. Don't use plagiarized sources. 2. But Locke's analysis of the state of nature is much different than that of Hobbes. In the state of nature, human beings can enjoy unimpeded rights to acquire private property, the ownership of which is asserted on the basis of the admixture of their labor (the natural talents and industry of their bodies) with the physical world. They also agree that man should be under the authority of a just ruler. In this view, the mind is at birth a “blank slate” without rules, so data is added, and rules for processing them are formed only by our experiences. In our state of nature, Hobbes says we have no rights but Locke suggests that we have natural rights, God-given rights. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were to philosophers with opposing opinions on human nature and the state of nature. 19 Whereas Hobbes said that the “right to all things” must be given up to the absolute sovereign for protection, Locke insists that all, by use of their reason, choose to give up their right to execute the natural law. On the other hand, Locke was a known doctor from Oxford University. Like Hobbes, Locke believed that human nature allowed people to be selfish. suppose la détermination d’une théorie de la connaissance. Although Hobbes and Locke differed in their perspective of equality both men are in agreement when it comes to the necessity of a State. The king did not hold absolute power, as Hobbes had said, but acted only to enforce and protect the natural rights of the people. The king did not hold absolute power, as Hobbes had said, but acted only to enforce and protect the natural rights of the people. According to Locke, the natural rights of individuals limited the power of the king. But in order to understand Social contract theory, we must have the knowledge of the state of nature. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke held contrasting theories on how government should limit the rights of men, which they referred to as the social contract. Regarding human nature – according to Locke, that man is a social animal. Certes, on peut invoquer ici l'évidente inégalité des talents littéraires, mais je crois que cela n'explique pas tout. Hobbes and Locke’s methods of discerning the cause of man’s desire to join a commonwealth are very similar, yet they both have dissimilar views on what the state of nature should be like and what the legitimate power would look like, but Locke’s creation of executive prerogative complicates his negative views of Hobbes’s sovereign. 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